Artificial Intelligence - Terminology



Here is the list of as often as utilized terms in the domain of AI −

Sr.No Term & Meaning
1

Agent

Agents are systems or software programs capable of autonomous, purposeful and reasoning directed towards one or more goals. They are additionally called assistants, brokers, bots, droids, intelligent agents, and software agents.

2

Autonomous Robot

Robot free from outside control or influence and ready to control itself independently.

3

Backward Chaining

Strategy of working reverse for Reason/Cause of a issue.

4

Blackboard

It is the memory inside computer, which is utilized for communication between the cooperating expert systems.

5

Environment

It is the part of genuine or computational world inhabited by the agent.

6

Forward Chaining

Strategy of working forward for conclusion/solution of an issue.

7

Heuristics

It is the information based on Trial-and-error, evaluations, and experimentation.

8

Knowledge Engineering

Acquiring knowledge from human specialists and different resources.

9

Percepts

It is the format in which the specialist obtains information about the environment.

10

Pruning

Overriding unnecessary and unimportant considerations in AI systems.

11

Rule

It is a format of representing knowledge base in Expert System. It is in the form of IF-THEN-ELSE.

12

Shell

A shell is a software that helps in designing inference engine, knowledge base, and user interface of an expert system.

13

Task

It is the objective the agent is tries to accomplish.

14

Turing Test

A test developed by Allan Turing to test the intelligence of a machine as compared to human knowledge.





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