Agra Fort - Gates



There are four gates to enter the fort which are situated on four sides.

Khizri Gate

Khizri gate, also called as water gate, is in front of the river.

Amar Singh Gate

Amar Singh was known as Akbar Darwaza however it was renamed by Shah Jahan as Amar Singh Gate. Amar Singh was a person who killed Salabat Khan in front of Shah Jahan and afterward tried to jump with his horse. He failed to jump as the horse died while jumping and Amar Singh was killed. Shah Jahan was so appreciated by the bravery of Amar Singh that he renamed the Akbar Darwaza as Amar Singh Darwaza.

amar-singh-gate

The gate has a drawbridge over the canal. On both sides of the gate, there are octagonal towers one on each side. The gate also has Naubat Khana which has pillared structures around it. The bastions on the gate are finished off with chhatris alongside modified lotus.

Delhi Gate

Akbar constructed the Delhi Gate between 1568 and 1569. Delhi Gate is on the western side and is the most modern in comparison to other gates. This was the main entrance during the time of Akbar so for the security reason, a draw bridge was made to cross the channel. The draw bridge can turn to 90 degree between outer and inner gates. There were sharp curves at the entrance to prevent invasions.

Hathi Pol is the inner gateway having one stone elephant on each side for security. The fort has double ramparts with roundabout bastions which are placed at regular intervals. Other than these trap points, ramps were also made for preventing invasion. The bastions of the gate are also extremely high.

The_Delhi_Gate_at_Agra_Fort_02

Ghazni Gate

Ghazni Gate belonged to the tomb of Mahmud Ghaznavi. The tomb stands at Ghazni which was brought by the British in 1842. Around then the governor general was Ellenborough who told that this gate belonged to Somnath temple as it was built with sandalwood. But it was a false claim made by the governor to win the hearts of Indian people.

There was no similarity of Indian design in the gate. An Arabic script on top of the gate also proves that the gate does not belong to Somnath. The dimensions of the gate is 16.5 by 13.5 feet and weight is around half a ton. It was not brought to Somnath temple and also it has no relationship with Mughal design.





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