Agile Methodology - Manifesto

In February 2001, at the Snowbird resort in Utah, 17 software engineers met to discuss lightweight development methods. The result of their meeting was the following Agile Manifesto for software development −

We are uncovering better methods of developing software by doing it and helping other people do it. Through this work, we have come to value −

  • Individuals and interactions over Processes and tools
  • Working software over Comprehensive documentation
  • Client collaboration over Contract negotiation
  • Responding to change over Following a plan

That is, while there is value in the items on the right, we value the items on the left more.

Twelve Principles of Agile Manifesto

  • Customer Satisfaction − Highest priority is given to fulfill the requirements of clients through early and consistent delivery of valuable software.

  • Welcome Change − Changes are inescapable during software development. Ever-changing requirements should be welcome, even late in the development stage. Agile processes should work to increase clients' competitive advantage.

  • Deliver a Working Software − Deliver a working software frequently, ranging from a few weeks to a few months, considering shorter time-scale.

  • Collaboration − Business people and engineers must work together during the whole life of a project.

  • Motivation − Projects should be built around motivated people. Provide an environment to support individual colleagues and trust them so as to make them feel responsible to get the job done.

  • Face-to-face Conversation − Face-to-face conversation is the most proficient and effective way of conveying information to and within a development team.

  • Measure the Progress as per the Working Software − Working software is the key and it ought to be the primary measure of progress.

  • Maintain Constant Pace − Agile processes aim towards sustainable development. The business, the engineers, and the users should be able to maintain a consistent pace with the project.

  • Monitoring − Pay regular attention to technical excellence and good design to upgrade agility.

  • Simplicity − Keep things basic and use basic terms to measure the work that isn't finished.

  • Self-organized Teams − An agile team should be self-organized and should not depend heavily on different teams because the best architectures, prerequisites, and designs emerge from self-organized teams.

  • Review the Work Regularly − Review the work done at regular intervals so that the team can reflect on how to become more effective and adjust its conduct accordingly.

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