Aihole is close by Bagalkot area in Karnataka. The temples in the village were worked during the reign of Chalukyas. There are around 125 temples that belong to Hindu and Jain enthusiasts. On its east side is Pattadakal and west is Badami. This study notes will tell you about the history of the fort along with the structures present inside. You will also get the information about the ideal time to visit it along with how to reach the fort.
This study notes is designed for the people who would like to know about the history of Aihole along with the temples present here. The temples in the village is visited by many tourist from India and abroad.
This is a brief study notes designed only for informational purpose. There are no prerequisites as such. All that you should have is a keen interest to explore new places and experience their appeal.
The temples in Aihole were built during the time of Chalukyas. It has 125 temples which belong to the devotees of Hinduism and Jainism. The village has not yet been listed in the UNESCO World Heritage sites. Many tourists come to visit the temples and view various gods and goddesses established in the temples.
Bagalkot is one of the significant towns which is associated to many cities in India through road and rail. Previously the town was known as Bagadige. Bhajantries were given the town by Ravana the king of Lanka. The main entrance to the town was known as Shiroor Agasi. The town was later named as Bagalkot. It was ruled by the rulers of many dynasties and lastly it came under British.
The temples can be visited from 6:00am toward the morning to 5:30pm in the evening. As there are many temples so it takes around one to two hours to visit the whole village.
Travelers need to pay an entry fee to visit the temples. Indian travelers have to pay Rs. 10 while foreign travelers have to pay Rs. 250.
Ideal time to visit the Aihole is October to March as the climate is extremely wonderful in these months and tourists enjoy their visit. The atmosphere is mild to moderate cold in December and January. The period from April to September is hot and is not suitable to visit the spot.
There are no hotels in Aihole but Bagalkot has around 21 hotels. The place is around 34km away from Aihole. The city has three-star hotels, budget hotels, and cheap hotels. The names of some of the hotels are as per the following −
Hotel Heritage Resort located at Station Road
Homestay Inn and Guest House located at Akkimaradi Layout near Engineering College
Budget Hotels or Two-Star Hotels
Hotel Priya International located opposite to APMC Yard
Hotel Anugraha Deluxe located near Bus Stand Station Road
Hotel Chalukya Deluxe located at Navanagar
Kanthi Resorts located at Gaddankeri near Seemikeri
Sarvodaya Deluxe Lodge located at VVS College Road
Shree Renuka Krupa Hotel located at Bijapur Road
Maharaja Guest House located opposite Bus Stand
Hotel Shiva Sangam Residency located near APMC cross
Hotel Akshay International located near DC Office and Navanagar Bus Stand
The old name of Aihole was Ayyavole and Aryapura. Chalukya kings assembled 125 temples here and made the place their capital.
Chalukyas controlled most of the Southern part of India from 543 to 753. They declared their independence from the rulers of Kadamba dynasty. The earlier Chalukyas were known as Badami Chalukyas and Pulakeshin II was the most popular king of his time. After the death of Pulakeshin II, Eastern Chalukyas made their independent kingdom. Rashtrakuta tried to win over the Badami Chalukyas but the descendants of Chalukyas over controlled them.
Pulakeshin I changed his capital to Badami which is close by Aihole. Based on the temples constructed in Aihole, Chalukya kings also built temples in Pattadakal. The construction of the temples in Aihole was begun in 5th century which went to 12th century.
Pulakeshin II ruled from 610 to 642AD and was a Vaishnav. Ravikriti was the court writer of Pulakeshin II who composed inscriptions related to the king. The language used to write the inscription is Sanskrit based on Kannada script. The inscription describes the victory of Pulakeshin II over Harsha Vardhana. Pulakeshin II also had conflict with the Pallavan kings.
There is a legend regarding Aihole according to which Rishi Parshuram killed the killer of his father and came to the river to wash his hands and the weapon. Due to this the water of the river turned red. A woman saw this and screamed Ayyo Hole which meant Oh no! Blood! So the place came to be known as Aihole.
Aihole has a group of temples built by the leaders of Chalukya dynasty. The construction of the temples was depended on early Hindu architecture. The artisans of the period cut the stones in order to build the temples. The towers of the temples were curved with blind arch which was acquired from north Indian style.
The walls were plastered and panels were embedded in them. Another style acquired by Chalukyas was the Deccan style which incorporates balcony seating, slanting roofs, carved columns and different things. Every one of these styles were consolidated and came to be known as Chalukya style.
There are many Hindu temples which were worked during the Chalukya period. Some of them are as per the following −
Durga Temple also known as Fortress Temple is all around arranged and has adisthana and a tower. The adisthana was exceptionally shaped. The temple has a corridor around it which is pillared and envelopes the shrine.
The Lad Khan temple has two matapas which looks like Shiva Linga. These mantapas are Mukhamantapa and Sabhamantapa. The mukhmantapa lays on twelve pillars while the pillars on which the sabhamantapa rests are arranged in two concentric squares.
The temple has lattice style windows and carved walls with floral designs. The temple was named so because a general named Lad Khan lived here.
Ravana Phadi Cave temple was built in 6th century. It has a rectangular shrine with two mantapas. There is an inner room where a Shiva Linga is established. There are large figures of Lord Shiva on the walls which also incorporate dancing Shiva.
Huchappayya temple is a Shiva temple built nearby Malaprabha river. The temple has mukhamantapa, a hall, and sanctum. The porch and hall have pillars having carved images of gods with their spouse. The image of Nataraja can be seen on the top of the temple.
The group of Yeniar shrines consists of 8 temples which were built in 12th century. Each temple has a porch along with a cella and a hall. The temples were constructed on the banks of Malaprabha river.
The main temple in this group is Ramlinga which is a trikutachala shrine. Out of these three, two have Shiva Linga and the third has the picture of Goddess Parvati. This shrine was built in 11th century AD. Alongside these there are two towers called Kadambanagara towers which was a temple form of architecture founded in 4th century by Mayurasharma, founder of Kadamba dynasty.
Galaganatha Group of Temples were built on the banks of Malaprabha river in which the main Shrine is Galaganatha which has the sculpture of Lord Shiva. The pictures of Ganga and Yamuna can be found at the entrance. Complete number of temples in this group is 38 and besides Galaganatha, most of them are destroyed.
The temple has three statues which includes Surya and his wives Usha and Sandhya. All the statues are being drawn by horses. The height of Surya’s statue is 0.6 meter. There is a four pillared sanctum along with a tower of Nagara style.
Chakra Gudi consists of a hall and a sanctum. Along with these, there is a tower which was built on the basis of rekhanagara style. The temple is supposed to be built in 9th century. Badigera Gudi has a porch, hall, cell and a tower. The tower was built in Rekhanagara style. Previously this temple was a Sun temple. This temple was also built in 9th century.
There are three temples in the Ambigera group of temples. The rekhanagara style tower can be found on the greatest one. The temple is supposed to be built in 10th century. In the Chikkigudi group of temples, Chikkigudi is the largest one having a hall, a cell, and a mantapa. It is supposed to be built in 7th century.
Huchimalli Gudi has ardhamantapa which is associated to the main shrine. The sanctum of the temple is prasakshinapath and has a tower in rekhanagara style. Another thing presented in the temple was Shukanasa or vestibule.
Gaudara Gudi was based on the similar design as the Lad Khan Temple. There are sixteen pillars on the outer wall and the base of the temple is moulded. There is an engraving in the temple which is supposed to be of 8th century which tells that the temple was known as Bhagwati temple.
Rachi Gudi was built in 11th century. It has a trikutachala each having Lord Shiva’s picture. The temple stands on a high platform and the cells face three different sides. The external walls of the temple has the pictures of Ganapati, Nataraja, and Vishnu.
Huchappayya Matha is a temple having a sanctum and a hall. The ceiling has trimurti figure and there is an engraving of 1067AD. Halabasappana Gudi is a small temple which has a hall and a sanctum.
The symbols of Ganga and Yamuna can be found at the entrance. The size of the temple isn't very big.
Kontigudi Group of Temples incorporate four temples which were constructed in 7th century. The first temple in this group has trimurty idols on the ceiling of the mantapa. Later many different things were added to the temple. One of the four temples constructed in 10th century has been ruined.
There are Jain temples in Aihole as some of the Chalukya rulers were the devotees of Jainism. Some of these temples are as per the following −
Meguti Jain temple has never been finished since the beginning of its construction. Ravikriti, a courtier of Pulakeshin II, has built this temple between 634 and 635AD. The temple is committed to the 24th Tirthankara of Jains whose name was Mahavira. Sandstone is utilized to construct the temple and it is considered as the oldest temple. The temple is constructed on a raised platform and devotees can reach the temple through a staircase which further leads to the mukhamantapa.
There is one more shrine on the roof that is above the main shrine in the hall. There is an entrance from portico that leads to a chamber which is partitioned by a wall. While going up, devotees will reach the second chamber that prompts to a large hall and in its center a sanctum is there. An image of Jina can be found at the back of the sanctum. Another thing in the temple is the circumambulatory path which associates the chambers.
Charanthimatha group of temples has three shrines with a portico so it is known as trikutachala. The temple is based on Kalyana Chalukya design and was built between 11th and 12th centuries. Two basadi with one porch are also there and each basadi has the statues of 12 tirthankaras.
If devotees or visitors come from the direction of Badami or Pattadakal, at that point they can see Jain cave temples at the entrance. The temple is built on the banks of Malaprabha river. Inscriptions in Kannada can be found close to the cave.
Aihole has only road network so it is easy to reach here by road. Aihole doesn't have airport or railway station. The nearest railway station is Bagalkot and Goa is the nearest airport. Bagalkot is 34km away and Goa is 230km away from Aihole.
Some of the nearby cities to Bagalkot is as per the following −
Bagalkot to Bangalore
By rail – 615km
By road – 534km
Bagalkot to Mysore
By rail – 741km
By road – 597km
Bagalkot to Chennai
By rail – 980km to 1223km (depends on the route as there is no direct train)
By road – 828km
Bagalkot to Hyderabad
By rail – 465km
By road – 417km
Bagalkot to Hubbali
By rail – 151km
By road – 131km
Bagalkot to Bijapur
By rail – 97km
By road – 86km
Bagalkot to Solapur
By rail – 163kms
By road – 185km
Aihole doesn't have its airport however the nearest airport is Goa which is 230km away from Aihole. Goa airport or Dabolim airport is an international airport that connects Goa from cities in India and abroad. The airport is 30km away from Panjim, capital of Goa.
Aihole doesn't have railway network however the nearest railway station is Bagalkot which is 34km away from Aihole. Bagalkot is well-connected with many cities though very few trains have stoppage here.
No rajdhani, shatabdi, garib rath and other premium trains run from here. Even superfast trains also don't run on this route however superfast express trains and passenger trains have stoppage here.
Aihole doesn't have bus station but buses come to nearby cities like Badami, Hubbali, Bagalkot etc. Tourists can get taxi from there to reach Aihole. Pattadakal is connected with Aihole through National Highway 14.
Aihole is a very small place and travelers can visit the entire town by foot. There are local bus services that can be found in the inner part of the town.
Aihole is a very small town but has huge number of temples which counts to around 125. Other than visiting all these temples, travellers can also visit nearby places like Pattadakal, Badami, and Hampi. All these places have temples as well as other monuments.
Pattadakal is around 14km away from Aihole. It is a village where tourists can see Chalukya monuments. Since the place was considered as holy, the coronation ceremony of the Chalukya kings were held here. The first ruler to be coroneted here was Vijayaditya. Chalukyas made the place their capital and manufactured many temples here.
The list of some of them include
The architectural styles utilized in the development of temples were Rekha, Nagara, Prasada, and Dravida Vimana.
Badami was the regal capital of Chalukyas which was previously known as Vatapi. The place has many temples worked during the rule of Chalukya kings. Pulakeshin I established the city in 540AD. Kirtivarman I and Mangalesha were the children of Pulakeshin I who assembled many temples.
Kirtivarman I succeeded his father and after him his brother Mangalesha succeeded. Vatapi was later demolished by Pallavan rulers. The monuments to be visited in Badami are Cave temples and Badami Fort.
Hampi is one of the biggest city of India which is located in the state of Karnataka. It is situated at a distance of around 139km from Aihole. There are many temples and other monuments which the travellers can visit.
Ashokan inscription tell that previously Hampi was a piece of Mauryan empire. Later Hampi turned into the capital of Vijayanagara empire from 1343 to 1565. In 1565, it came under the rule of Deccan Muslims. Some of the temples of Hampi are below: